Diabetes patients are more likely to suffer from periodontal disease than non-diabetic people. In fact, diabetes and periodontal disease affect each other. Diabetes can easily lead to periodontal disease, and treatment of periodontal disease can help control diabetes.
Systemic infection caused by periodontal disease seriously threatens the quality of life of diabetic patients. Therefore, diabetic patients with dental disease are generally regard as the key population of health education. For people at high risk of diabetes, such as obesity. A family history of diabetes, a history of large babies, or a history of gestational diabetes. If there is unexplain or unhealed bleeding gums. It should highly suspect whether it is cause by high blood sugar.
In addition to bleeding, high blood sugar can also cause receding gums and symptoms of severe periodontal disease. If it remains untreated for a long time, it will easily lead to tooth loss. Gingivitis can also make blood sugar more difficult to control. Thus forming a vicious circle and promoting the occurrence of diabetes.
Oral tissue microvascular disease is synchronized with the microvascular disease of other organs and tissues throughout the body. High blood sugar makes the tissue hypoxia; diabetes can reduce the body’s immune function. Reduce the blood supply of periodontal tissue, and destroy the balance between bacteria and the host. The study also found that the plaque index, gum index, periodontal disease index, periodontal pocket depth. Periodontal attachment loss and alveolar bone resorption of diabetic patients were higher than those of non-diabetic patients. Some foreign scholars even believe that periodontitis in diabetic patients is different from simple periodontitis. And put forward the concept of “diabetic periodontitis”.
Therefore, people at high risk of diabetes must pay attention to bleeding gums. In addition to seeing a doctor in time for oral problems, they should also monitor their blood sugar. And keep blood sugar within a normal range in time to better prevent the occurrence of diabetes.